Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery at Austin Regional Clinic. Make an appointment at one of our convenient central Texas
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Austin Regional Clinic

Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery

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COVID-19 Update
Patient Safety
for Thyroid Surgery
  • Thyroid and Parathyroid appointments available in clinic, on phone, or consultation by video
  • Telemedicine visit are available for consultation
  • ARC has precautionary measures in place to ensure your safety in the clinic by screening and separating patients with respiratory symptoms at all entrances

The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the body's metabolism. Virtually every tissue in the body is affected or regulated by thyroid hormone. It regulates the brain and nerve development and function, skin, hair, eyes, heart, and intestine function. Thyroid nodules are quite common, affecting 20-25% of the population. Some of the nodules can be malignant; therefore, all nodules deserve attention.

If your physician has suggested that you see a surgeon for treatment of your thyroid condition, you may wonder what type of surgeon is best for you. ARC Otolaryngology (ENT) - Head and Neck Surgery surgeons are available to treat thyroid cancer and diseases ranging from benign tumors and cancers to injuries, and other thyroid issues.

What is a Thyroid Gland?

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck. Itsits below the voice box (larynx) and on top of the trachea (windpipe). Thesmall, two-inch gland consists of 2 lobes, 1 on each side of the windpipe,connected by a small bridge of thyroid tissue called the isthmus. 

The thyroid tissue is made up of 2 types of cells:follicular cells and parafollicular cells. Most of the thyroid tissue consistsof follicles lined by the follicular cells, which secrete the iodine-containingthyroid hormones. 

Functions ofthe thyroid gland 
The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the body'smetabolism. The hormones it secretes help govern many functions of the bodylike how the body produces heat, consumes oxygen and uses energy. Virtuallyevery tissue in the body is affected or regulated by thyroid hormone. Itregulates the brain and nerve development and function, skin, hair, eyes,heart, and intestine function.

What are Parathyroid Glands?

The parathyroid glands are4 small, oval-shaped glands. They are located next to the 2 thyroid gland lobesin the neck. Each gland is often about the size of a pea. 

Function of theparathyroid glandsParathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone (PTH). Thishormone plays a key role in regulating calcium levels in the blood. Precisecalcium levels are important because small changes can cause muscle and nerveproblems. 

Parathyroid hormone stimulates these functions:
  • Release of calcium by bones into the bloodstream. This affects bone density and strength. 
  • Calcium absorption from food by the intestines 
  • Calcium conservation by the kidneys 
  • Kidney cell stimulation. This changes the weaker forms of vitamin D into the form that is strongest at absorbing calcium from the intestines.

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